Native American

Housing Structure

As part of our unit on the Native American Indian tribes that lived in Georgia we constructed a to-scale model in the style of Creek Indian homes. I've added some pictures of the home we used for a model as well as some information about the home below.

cherokee-summer-house.jpgHousing_01

Creek Indian Wattle and Daub Home
The Creek were one of the groups of American Indians that long ago lived in what is now Georgia. The Creek lived in many parts of Georgia. They usually built their towns and villages along rivers. The Creek fished in the rivers and traveled on them in canoes. Sometimes the rivers flooded and the when the water drained back into the rivers, the dirt was left behind. This new layer of dirt helped plants to grow in the Creek gardens. The Creek women did the farming. They grew corn, squash, pumpkins, beans, and other vegetables. Men fished and hunted for deer and other animals.
The Creek lived in towns of 400 to 600 people. Around these towns were smaller villages. In the center of town was an open space called a plaza. Here the Creek held games, weddings, and other ceremonies.
The Creek built their houses with things found in nature. For the walls, they covered poles with a mixture of mud and twigs or reeds and tree branches. Summer houses were in the shape of a square or rectangle. Upright poles formed the framework. The outside was covered with bark, wood or woven siding coated with earth and clay. This type of construction with clay is called wattle and daub. Thin branches called wattles are woven in and out of the posts horizontally and close together. A combination of clay and grass is then pressed or "daubed" into the wattle. For the roof, the Creek used bark or bundles of plant stems called thatch. These houses were very well built, often lasting 30 to 40 years. The wattle and daub method is one of the oldest known for making a weatherproof structure. Wattle and daub structures have been around for at least 6000 years.